Zoonotic viral disease: Coronavirus, Ebola, Borna disease virus

Just this week we have been faced with news of zoonotic disease outbreaks, from the ongoing Ebola infection in Africa to the emergence of pneumonia of unknown cause in China (latest data reveals a possible Coronavirus origin). Also the re-emergence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in the United Arab Emirates.

Curiously, a recent publication reveals important information on another viral agent causative of zoonotic disease in central Europe:

Zoonotic spillover infections with Borna disease virus 1 leading to fatal human encephalitis, 1999–2019: an epidemiological investigation. Niller, H H et al. (2020).The Lancet Infectious Diseases. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30546-8.

Altogether, these are some of the compelling reasons for a One Medicine approach to better tackle zoonotic pathogens and to minimize the impact in both human and animal health.

Sources: WHO, OIE, ProMED

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